COVID-19

For the latest COVID-19 health guidance, statistics and resources, visit: Coronavirus.wa.gov

Connect with us

     

Translate the Site

You are here

Home » Tribal Gaming » Gaming Compacts

Gaming Compacts

The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), passed by Congress in 1988, requires states to negotiate gaming compacts in good faith to allow tribes to offer casino-style gaming if it is allowed in the state.

Under Washington state law, our director is delegated the responsibility of negotiating Class III gaming compacts. All 29 federally recognized tribes in Washington have a gaming compact.

Summary of Gaming Compacts and Amendments

Tribe

Compact Signed by Governor

Amendments Signed by the Governor or Pending Approval

Casino Opened

Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation

12/21/1992

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

2nd = number not used.

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment

6/10/1995
(Lucky Eagle Casino)



 

Confederated Tribes of the  Colville Reservation

08/22/2002

07/27/2004 - Compact became effective. Appendix X included in original compact

Tribe may operate up to 3 casinos, 25 miles apart / after 3 years up to 3 satellite casinos (100 machines only).  Total of 4,800 maximum machines for all facilities / 2,000 maximum for each facility.  Includes Appendix Colville (aka Appendix Y)

03/30/2007 -  1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 -  3rd = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

Opened without a Compact 6/1/1994

Opened under Compact 7/27/2004

(12 Tribes Coulee Dam)
 

(12 Tribes Lake Chelan Casino)
 

(12 Tribes Omak Casino Hotel)

Cowlitz Indian Tribe

06/16/2014

Compact includes Appendices X2 and Y.

04/08/2015 -  1st  = Appendix X2 Amendment

11/17/2020 -  2nd = Appendix E - Limitations and Appendix W - WAP

07/06/2021 - 3rd = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

4/24/2017
(ilani Casino Resort)

 

Hoh Tribe

05/25/1995

02/25/1999 -1st= Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 -  2nd  = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe

02/19/1993 – Superseded

07/28/2017

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored

Nation clause – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

10/04/1996 - 2nd = Appendix C - OTB – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

11/23/1998 - 3rd =  Appendix X - tribal lottery system – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2 – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

04/08/2015 - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment – SUPERSEDED By 6th AMENDMENT

07/28/2017 - 6th = Complete Compact

07/06/2021 - 7th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

2/4/1995
(7 Cedars Casino)

Kalispel Tribe

10/20/1998

02/25/1999 - 1st = Appendix X -tribal lottery system

01/24/2005 - MOI = Increased hours – SUPERSEDED By 2nd AMENDMEN

03/30/2007 -  2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  3rd  = Appendix X2 Amendment

06/01/2018 - MOI = Second Facility

07/06/2021 - 4th =  Appendix S - Sports Wagering

12/28/2000
(Northern Quest Casino)

 

4/8/2019
(Kalispel Casino)

 

Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe

12/21/1992

06/09/1995 -1st= Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored

Nation clause

02/25/1999 -  2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system 3rd, 4th, and 5th  = number not used.

03/30/2007 -  6th  = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 -  7th  = Appendix X2 Amendment

Class II Casino Only
(Elwha River Casino)

Lummi Nation

09/21/1995

12/04/2000 -1st= Appendix X -tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 -  2nd = Appendix X2

02/17/2014 -  3rd = Clarify gaming facility definition

04/08/2015 -  4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 5th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

10/13/2021 - MOI = Clarify Age Limit

12/1991
(Lummi Casino)
Closed 8/25/1997

 

Re-opened 4/9/2002
(Silver Reef Casino)

Makah Tribe

05/17/2000

Appendix X was included with the original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

Muckleshoot  Indian Tribe

02/19/1993

05/04/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, OTB operating hours, Most Favored Nation clause

11/23/1998 - 2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

01/16/2002 - 3rd = Second Facility, more hours and table games.

01/08/2003 - MOI = Appendix Y, 2,000 machines at one facility (3,000 machines total for the two facilities)

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

11/14/2018  - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 6th  = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

4/28/1995
(Muckleshoot Indian Casino)

 

8/31/2006
(Muckleshoot Casino II)

Nisqually Indian Tribe

05/25/1995

02/12/1999 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

12/09/2005 - MOI increased hours – SUPERSEDED BY 2nd AMENDMENT

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

5/2/1997
(Red Wind)
Closed old facility 12/19/2005)

 

Opened new facility 12/23/2005)

Nooksack Indian Tribe

10/28/1991

04/26/1994 - 1st = Appendix B deleted, keno & jackpot poker added, larger gaming floor; hours of operation, ownership, conditional certifications, increase in state cert. fees, monitoring by TGA, conditional certifications, criminal prosecution jurisdiction, consent to state law, check $ limit removed, "security personnel" added to definition of gaming employee

01/26/1995 - 2nd = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

09/14/2005 - 4th = Appendix Y, Appendix C, additional facility, additional hours and tables

03/30/2007 - 5th = Appendix X2

07/26/2018 - 6th = Appendix X2 Amendment

12/17/2018 - 7th = Authorized Class III gaming at Tribe's Class II gaming facility. Community Contribution section updated to be consistent with other tribes' compacts. The Tribe will maintain a responsible gaming policy and contribute 0.07% of net revenues to fund problem gambling treatment and studies.

4/16/1993
(Nooksack River Casino)
Closed 12/10/2015

 

7/19/2019
(Nooksack Northwood Casino)

Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe

01/27/1995

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

02/26/2004 - 2nd = Additional hours, Tribal Council to approve 2% awards, Tribe performs primary licensing and state performs background checks, clarify age limit, amendment simplification process

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

08/09/2021 - MOI = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

2/14/2002
(The Point Casino)

Puyallup Tribe of Indians

05/28/1996

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

05/19/2002 - 2nd = Additional facility, more hours and table games

06/29/2004 - MOI = Appendix Y, 2,000 machines at one facility (3,000 machines total for 2 facilities)

11/16/2004 - 3rd = One of the two facilities may operate on fee land for up to six years, pending transfer of fee land into trust.

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

10/30/2017 - 5th = Gaming facility owned by Tribe or tribally-chartered entities, Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 6th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

12/27/1996
(Emerald Queen Casino Boat) Closed 12/13/2004

 

7/13/2002
(Emerald Queen Casino I-5, Tacoma)

 

12/13/2004
(Emerald Queen Hotel & Casino, Fife)

Quileute Tribe

07/27/1993

06/09/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

02/25/1999 - 2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

Quinault Indian Nation

07/09/1996

02/25/1999 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

08/22/2002 - 2nd = Second Facility & additional hours & tables

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

5/22/2000
(Quinault Beach Resort)

Samish Nation

04/18/2000

Appendix X included in the original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

Sauk-Suiattle Tribe

04/18/2000

Appendix X included with the original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

No Casino

Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe

08/22/2002

Appendix X included in original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 3rd = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

Operated prior to Compact;

Opened under Compact provisions 10/26/03
(Shoalwater Bay Casino)

Class II Only
5/01/2017

 

Skokomish Indian Tribe

05/25/1995 - Superseded

12/11/2020

02/12/1999 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system - SUPERSEDED By 5th Amendment

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2 - SUPERSEDED By 5th Amendment

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment - SUPERSEDED By 5th Amendment

03/28/2016 - 4th = Second Facility, updated Indian Lands and added Gaming definitions, Gaming Facility owned by Tribe or Tribe’s enterprise corporation, annual problem gambling reporting - SUPERSEDED By 5th Amendment

12/11/2020 - 5th = Complete Compact

 

8/11/2001
(Lucky Dog Casino)

Snoqualmie Indian Tribe

02/11/2002

Appendix X included in original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2

06/14/2008 - 2nd = Second Facility, open at higher limits

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

04/08/2021 - 4th = Appendix D - Limitations

07/06/2021 - 5th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

11/06/2008
(Snoqualmie Casino)

Spokane Tribe

04/30/2007

Compact includes Appendix Spokane and Appendix Y.

09/19/2008 - 1st = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 3rd = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

Operated prior to Compact;

Opened under Compact provisions

 08/01/2008
(Chewelah Casino)

(Spokane Tribe Casino)

 

Squaxin Island Tribe

07/27/1993

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

11/23/1998 - 2nd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 3rd = Appendix X2

08/11/2007 - MOI = Appendix Y

04/08/2015 - 4th = Appendix X2 Amendment

06/05/2017 - 5th = Second Facility, updated Indian land and added Gaming and Gaming Promotions definitions, Gaming Facility owned by Tribe or tribally chartered entities, annual problem gambling reporting, clarifies age limit, adds eligibility to individual background options.

07/06/2021 - 6th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

9/22/1995
(Little Creek Casino)

Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians

12/11/2000 Superseded

07/06/2021

Appendix X included in original compact

03/30/2007 - 1st = Appendix X2 - SUPEREDED by 3rd Amendment

04/08/2015 - 2nd = Appendix X2 Amendment - SUPEREDED by 3rd Amendment

07/06/2021 - 3rd = Complete Compact

07/06/2021 - 4th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

10/28/2004
(Angel of the Winds Casino)

Suquamish Tribe 

01/26/1995

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 4th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

07/06/2021 - 5th = Appendix E - Limitations

12/31/1995
(Clearwater Casino)
 

 7/7/2003
Closed original facility
 

7/8/2003
Opened new facility

Swinomish Indian Tribal Community  

12/21/1992

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

10/26/1996 - 2nd = OTB

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

05/01/2014 - 5th = Clarifies age limit.

04/08/2015 - 6th = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 7th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

7/15/1994
(Northern Lights Casino)

Tulalip Tribes of Washington 

08/02/1991

05/29/1992 - 1st = consent to application of state law (incorporated Appendix B into compact)

09/21/1993 - 2nd = # of gaming stations, charitable table, wager limits, hours of operation -SUPERSEDED BY 3rd AMENDMENT

12/26/1994 - 3rd = Appendix C (OTB), submit house rules, lottery games, relocation of facility, size of gaming floor, hours of operation, community contribution, renegotiations (incorporated into compact)

11/25/1998 - 4th = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

06/07/2002 - 5th = Additional facility, more hours and table games

01/11/2003 - 6th = (MOI)Appendix Y, Authorized 2,000 machines at one facility (3,000 machines total for two facilities)

03/30/2007 - 7th = Appendix X2

07/31/2009 - 8th = Clarify financier licensing, add conditional certification, clarify dispute resolution process.

04/08/2015 - 9th = Appendix X2 Amendment

07/06/2021 - 10th = Appendix S - Sports Wagering

7/19/1992
(Tulalip Resort Casino)
 

6/2003
Closed original facility
 

6/4/2003
Opened new facility
 

10/28/2004 - CLOSED
(Quil Ceda Creek Nightclub Casino)

2/3/2021 Opened new facility (Quil Ceda Creek Casino)

Upper Skagit Indian Tribe

12/21/1992

01/26/1995 - 1st = Phase II, size of gaming floor, # of gaming stations, wagering limits, hours of operation, renegotiations, non-profit table, Most Favored Nation clause

2nd = number not used.

11/23/1998 - 3rd = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 4th = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 5th = Appendix X2 Amendment

12/17/1995
(Skagit Valley Casino Resort)

Yakama Nation

06/09/1996

11/23/1998 - 1st = Appendix X - tribal lottery system

03/30/2007 - 2nd = Appendix X2

04/08/2015 - 3rd = Appendix X2 Amendment

5/15/1998
(Legends Casino)

 

Appendix X authorized the tribes to operate electronic gaming devices using, known as the “Tribal Lottery System” (TLS).

  • The devices used electronic scratch tickets (with a finite number of tickets and a pre-determined number of winning tickets) or on-line lottery tickets.
  • Each tribe had an allocation of 675 player terminals and could operate up to 1,500 at a facility by leasing player terminals from other tribes.
  • The maximum wager amount was $5.00 and cash was not allowed in or out of the player terminals.

Appendix X2 authorized a number of changes to the TLS.

  • Each tribe’s allocation of player terminals increased to 975.
  • The maximum number of player terminals increased to 2,500 per facility, except for Muckleshoot, Tulalip and Puyallup. These three tribes had a maximum of 3,500 player terminals, increasing to 4,000 after three years. These tribes are authorized to have up to 2,500 player terminals per facility.
  • Wagers of up to $20 are authorized at 15% of the player terminals operated.

Appendix X2 Amendment authorized a number of changes.

  • Tribes ensure all cash dispensing outlets and point of sale machines within its gaming facilities do not accept electronic benefits cards.
  • Each Tribe’s allocation of player terminals increased 1,075. The maximum number of machines allowed at a facility did not change.
  • Annual regulatory fees for each Tribe’s gaming activities shall be determined according to the State’s current cost allocation model, eliminates the 10% pre-payment discount, credit, and alternative regulatory fee agreement options, the State provides 90 days’ notice when changing the cost allocation model, the State shall provide an audited accounting of its actual costs by April 30th of the following year.
  • Each Tribe’s annual contributions towards problem gambling and smoking cessation services established in Appendix X2 shall be paid within one year of the close of the Tribe’s fiscal year to match other required contribution timeframes.
  • Each Tribe may increase its allocation by 50 player terminals, but only if the following conditions are met:
  • A Tribe provides the State with written notice that there are 500 or fewer player terminals available for lease among all Tribes participating in the Tribal Lottery System, along with a certification from an independent accounting firm confirming the number of machines available.
  • Within 30 days, the State reviews the certification and verifies the player terminals available for lease in the state. Any allocation change would be effective 30 days after notification by the State to the Tribe.
  • This allocation is limited to one (1) per twelve (12) month period. However, if any Washington Tribe will operate more than 1,075 player terminals upon opening a new gaming facility, a Tribe can notify the State, and with State concurrence, receive an additional 50 player terminal increase within the twelve month period.
  • When a Tribe receives an increase under this section, any other compacted Washington Tribe shall receive the same increase.
Callout: